HRLHA Call for Urgent World Community Action to Stop Crimes against Humanity in Oromia
(HRLHA, Immediate Release, Dec 13, 2017) The Human Rights League of the Horn of Africa (HRLHA) strongly condemns the brutality of the Tigray People’s Liberation Front / Ethiopian People’s Revolutionary Democratic Front (TPLF/EPRDF) Government’s military force who massacred 15 Oromo farmers who were harvesting their crops on 10 Dec, 2017 in Chalanko district, EasternHararge zone.
This comes after two weeks of the TPLF/EPRDF commanders restarting fresh attacks on Oromos living in border areas near Somali State in which over sixty Oromos were killed in two weeks- since the last week of Nov 2017 to the present- in Arero district (Borana zone), Cinakseen (Easter Hararge zone) ,and Bordode(Western Hararge zone). Currently the TPLF/EPRDF led Ethiopian government has deployed thousands of heavily armed military forces all over Oromia regional, state zones and committed extrajudicial killings, and detentions in Kelem and HoroGuduru, western Oromia zone, in Bale, Arsi, Guji and Borana in southern Oromia zones and in Ambo, Walisso, and Yaya Gullale Central Oromia, Shewa zones.
Among the recent Victimsof theTPLF/EPRDF military forces:
|#||Name||Zone/District||Date of Attack||Status|
|1||TajuYasy||East Hararge/Chalanko||Dec 10, 2017||Killed|
|2||AbdiSaliIbro||Hararge/Chalanko||Dec 10, 2017||Killed|
|3||Mhamed Abdela||Hararge/Chalanko||Dec 10, 2017||Killed|
|4||SaniYuya||Hararge/Chalanko||Dec 10, 2017||Killed|
|5||AbdelaYisak||Hararge/Chalanko||Dec 10, 2017||Killed|
|6||Abdumalik Uso||Hararge/Chalanko||Dec 10, 2017||Killed|
|7||Haru Hasen||Hararge/Chalanko||Dec 10, 2017||Killed|
|8||Fesal Yisak||Hararge/Chalanko||Dec 10, 2017||Killed|
|9||Michael Abdo||Hararge/Chalanko||Dec 10, 2017||Killed|
|10||Mumeadam Hasen||Hararge/Chalanko||Dec 10, 2017||Killed|
|11||Tofik Abdo||Hararge/Chalanko||Dec 10, 2017||Killed|
|12||Sali Hasen||Hararge/Chalanko||Dec 10, 2017||Killed|
|13||Sabaoy Haji Sani, (7th grde student)||West Harage/ Hawigudina district||Dec 7, 2017||Killed|
|14||Jamal Hasan (Milicia)||West Harage/ Hawigudina district||Dec 7, 2017||Killed|
|15||three people, no names||Borana/Moyale||Dec 7, 2017||Killed|
|16||Hasan Basaa||Guji/BuleHora||Dec 6, 2017||Killed|
|18||13 people||Borana/Arero||Nov. 24, 2017||Killed|
|19||Dejen Belachew||Shewa/Yayagullale||Nov, 23, 2017||Killed|
|20||Dirriba Hailu||Shewa/YayaGullale||Nov, 23, 2017||Killed|
|21||Girma Shifera||Shewa/Yayagullale||Nov, 23, 2017||Injured|
|22||Adane Tibabu||Shewa/Yayaullale||Nov, 23, 2017||Injured|
|23||Insa Megersa||Shewa/Yayagullale||Nov, 23, 2017||Injured|
HRLHA has expressed its concerns several times to the world community in general, to Western donor governments (the USA, the UK, Canada, Norway, Sweden), governmental agencies (UN, EU & AU) in particular regarding the systematic and planned killings targeting educated Oromo men and women, outstanding university students, Oromo nationalists by the Ethiopian government killing squad, Agazi force which has been deployed by the government deep into community villages of Oromia.
Advancing its plan of systematic killings of Oromos, the TPLF/EPRDF government trained another group of killers, the Liyu Police in Somali Regional State, Eastern neighbor state of Oromia and deployed them along the border between Oromia and Somali State where they have killed thousands of innocent Oromo farmers-since 2011 to the present- invading the border Oromo areas. The well trained and armed Liyu Police led by TPLF/EPRDF commanders entered into the OromiaState territory from East and West Hararge, Bale, Borana, Guji Zones and killed, evicted, abducted Oromos and occupied some areas in Bale, Hararge, Borana and Guji areas permanently. Oromos and Somali are, respectively, the two largest regions in the country by area size, sharing a border of over 1,400 km (870 miles). The attacks of the Liyu Police on Oromos took place not only across the border, they also killed many Oromos living in Somali Regional State towns of Jigjiga, Wuchale, Gode, forcefully disappeared over two hundred Oromo business men and women and displaced over seven hundred thousand (700,000) others including women, children and seniors.
The 700,000 evicted Oromos from the Somali Regional Statepushed out by the government of Somali state have been deported to Oromiaand are currently suffering in different concentration camps, including in Hamaressain Harar town, Dirredawa and other areas. They are mostly without shelter, and food and are in poor health.
Sadly enough, these displaced Oromos did not get the attention of the TPLF/EPRDF government and did not receive any humanitarian aid from the federal government of Ethiopia and other sister federal states or from international donor governments and organizations in the past over six months. They depended only on their fellow Oromo brothers and sisters. The Federal Government of Ethiopia which highly depends on Oromia resources (about 70%) for its annual income has failed to provide even emergency funding to Oromos who have been displaced and chased from Somali Regional State leaving behind their all belongings. The TPLF/EPRDF government and the Oromo People’s Democratic Organization (OPDO), the member of ruling party, the EPRDF deliberately hides the suffering of 700,000 displaced Oromos from the world society, a move equal to genocide.
Based on the violations against the Oromo nation by the Ethiopian government over the past twenty-five tears, the HRLHAhas found that the serious gross human rights violations committed by the Ethiopia Government against the Oromo nation since 1991 to the present constitute crimes against humanity under international law. Crimes against humanity are certain acts that are deliberately committed as part of a widespread or systematic attack or individual attacks directed against any civilian or an identifiable part of a civilian population. The crimes against humanity act include: a) forced population transfers and deportation, b) murder, c) rape and other sexual violence, and d) persecution as defined by the Rome Statute article 7 of the International Criminal Court (ICC) and the ad hoc international criminal courts.
The World community has witnessed in the past four or more years, since the Oromo mass movement had begun in 2014 to the present,that the Ethiopian people in general and the Oromo people in particular have suffered or are still suffering under the EPRDF government:
- Over4500 Oromos, from young to old, have been brutalized, tens of thousands have been incarcerated and other thousands have been forcefully disappeared during the Oromo protests and over 700 hundred were massacred on October 2, 2016 at the Irrecha Oromo thanksgiving Festival
- For the past 26 years, the world has seen that this Ethiopian government does not believe in finding peaceful and sustainable solutions through negotiations with opposition political organizations or in finding solutions for the grievances of the people.
- The EPRDF government pretends in front of the world community it is practicing democracy, while the facts on the ground show that the Ethiopian government is committing a crime, a systematic campaign against Oromos that causes human suffering, or death on a large scale-a crime against humanity.
Therefore, the HRLHA urges the international community to act collectively in a timely and decisive manner – through the UN Security Council and in accordance with the UN charter on a case-by – case basis to stop the human tragedy in Oromia, Ethiopia.
The international communities and agencies (AU, EU & UN) can play a decisive role by doing the following:
- Provide humanitarian aid to the displaced 700,000Oromos immediately to save the life of the people before it is too late
- Put pressure on the TPLF/EPRDF government to allow neutral investigators to probe into the human rights crisis in the country as a precursor to international community intervention
- Put pressure on the Ethiopian government to release all political prisoners in the country
- Intervene to stop crimes against humanity by the Ethiopian military force using the principles of R2P adopted in 2005 by the UN General Assembly
- Demand thatthe Ethiopian government return its military forces back to their camps from Oromia villages and towns
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