Monthly Archives: November 2016

Gadaa Inscribed on the Representative List of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity

UNESCO: Representative List of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity – 2016
URL: http://www.unesco.org/culture/ich/RL/…
Description: Gada is a traditional system of governance of the Oromo people in Ethiopia developed from knowledge gained over generations. It regulates political, economic, social and religious activity serving as a mechanism for enforcing moral conduct, building community cohesion, and expressing culture. Gada is organized into five classes taught by oral historians, with each having to progress through a series of grades before it can take the leadership. Men, whose fathers are members, participate. Transmission occurs within families and at school.
Country(ies): Ethiopia

Advertisements

Gada system inscribed on UNESCO’s list of Intangible Cultural Heritage

(Oromedia, December 1, 2016)-The Gada system, the indigenous democratic socio-political system of the Oromo people, has been inscribed on UNESCO’s list of Intangible Cultural Heritage.

Gada system inscribed on UNESCO’s list of Intangible Cultural Heritage

 Its inscription was announced on November 30, 2016 at the 11th Session of the Intergovernmental Committee for Safeguarding the Intangible Cultural Heritage, which has been underway in Finfinnee,Oromia since last Monday.

The Gada system is a political, economic and social system with a long history with which the people of Oromo have been governing themselves in a democratic way.

This comprehensive system reflects the ways of living of the people and it has ensured the values and principles such as equality of mankind.

It incorporates the values and principles towards which the whole world has been striving such as: the respecting of the rights of women and children, conservation of environment, peaceful conflict resolution, mutual assistance, and the provision of asylum to seekers.

The values and principles which the people of Oromo have been putting into practice have contributed significantly to the efforts of ensuring unity and solidarity of the people.

Moreover, the system has played great role in enabling the flourishing of the language and culture of the Oromo people for so long to the present.

UNESCO has inscribed Gadaa System as Intangible World Heritage

(Advocacy4Oromia, 1 December 2016) UNESCO has inscribed Gadaa System as Intangible World Heritage on 30th of November 2016 at its eleventh session of the Intergovernmental Committee for the Safeguarding of the Intangible Cultural Heritage held in Finfinne, Oromia.

Gada system, an indigenous democratic socio-political system of the Oromo inscribed in 2016 (11.COM) on the Representative List of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity.

UNESCO’s Intangible Cultural Heritage Committee held its 11th session at ECA in the capital Finfinne.

Gada is a traditional system of governance used by the Oromo people in Ethiopia developed from knowledge gained by community experience over generations.

The system regulates political, economic, social and religious activities of the community dealing with issues such as conflict resolution, reparation and protecting women’s rights.

It serves as a mechanism for enforcing moral conduct, building social cohesion, and expressing forms of community culture. Gada is organized into five classes with one of these functioning as the ruling class consisting of a chairperson, officials and an assembly.

Each class progresses through a series of grades before it can function in authority with the leadership changing on a rotational basis every eight years. Class membership is open to men, whose fathers are already members, while women are consulted for decision-making on protecting women’s rights.

The classes are taught by oral historians covering history, laws, rituals, time reckoning, cosmology, myths, rules of conduct, and the function of the Gada system.

Meetings and ceremonies take place under a sycamore tree (considered the Gada symbol) while major clans have established Gada centres and ceremonial spaces according to territory.

Knowledge about the Gada system is transmitted to children in the home and at school.

© Authority for Research and Conservation of Cultural Heritage (ARCCH), Ethiopia, 2014

Source:http://www.unesco.org/culture/ich/en/RL/gada-system-an-indigenous-democratic-socio-political-system-of-the-oromo-01164